I – THE CONCEPT OF COTE
When a drawing hand, the main dilemma of a poker player facing a bet is whether to fold or follow . In other words, if the setting is too expensive to pay or whether the risk is worth it.
This is your knowledge of odds to guide your decision . And yes you can immediately forget the concepts of instinct, sixth sense or feminine intuition.This is the implacable reality of the figures will now act as a decision criterion.
Poker much of your earnings is determined by your ability to not spend more money than necessary to convert your drawing hand in hand made.
II – THE RATINGS
A – THE COAST OF PRINT
A rating is an estimate of your chances of winning. In English, it is called odds. This is to express the probability that your hand is realized or not. How to calculate? We use the formula below.
Calculate the odds of drawing
cards Rating = not favorable, favorable cards
Cards favorable = your outs
unfavorable Maps = unknown cards – your favorable cards
Rating = (unknown cards – your favorable cards): your outs
1. EXAMPLE 1
Take the case to complete your hand you need an out – but unlikely event that simplifies our example. Of the 52 cards has a certain game you know:
- your two hole cards
- 3 cards of the flop
If you need a card, it will be in those who are unknown to you, are the remaining 47 cards (02/03/52 = 47). So you have:
- 46 unfavorable cards
- 1 card favorable out your
poker In this translates into the following formula. 46: 1. This is the common name.
2. EXAMPLE 2
You need 8 outs. This is the case of a straight draw from both ends. This gives you the following rating:
- 39 unfavorable cards (47 cards unknown – 8 outs)
- 8 cards favor
either a rating of 39: 8 we translate (rounded) per 5.1
You will complete your hand in 1 case 6. So you lose the pot 5 times.
Let us briefly about how to read the odds.
4: 1 reads this way “1 in 5 chance”
17: 1 reads “1 chance in 18″ , etc..
To help you in the first time here is a table that summarizes key data:
B – THE COAST OF POT
Pot odds will allow you to align the risk factor / gains and thus make a profitable decision for the long term. In other words it is to assess your chances of completing your hand considering the money you are able to win if your drawing is done.
The amount of poker pot has a direct impact on your decision. The larger the pot, the bigger it is profitable to take risks ie back in the game with a more or less strong hand.
Calculate pot odds
Calculate the pot odds
Cote pot = potential gain: put
your outs favorable Maps =
Win: money in the pot, which includes putting your opponent
bid: what you need pay to follow
The pot is € 60.
Your opponent bets € 10.
potential gain is 70 €.
Pot odds stood at 70:10 or 7:1
This means that if you play the shot 8 times you win a After the pot is € 70 and lose the other 7 times your bet 10 €.
C – DETERMINE IF YOUR DECISION IS PROFITABLE
Comparing the odds of drawing the pot odds you establish the relationship between e winnings and making do . There is a very simple formula.
Stay in the game or not?
If the pot odds is greater than the odds of a draw, you must stay in the game.
If the pot odds is less than the odds of a draw, you must fold.
1. First example
In the context of a straight draw with 8 outs we have seen that the dimension of the draw is 5: 1
If the turn you have to pay 4 in a pot that is 10
The odds of drawing is 14: 4 is 3.5: 1
Here the call is not profitable because the pot odds 3.5: 1 is less than the odds of drawing 5: 1
2. Example a bit more complicated
Your carpet is 22 €.
On the flop you have a flush draw.
EXPLANATION draw therefore amounts to 2.1 (see table above)
The pot is € 17.
Both your opponents start all -in. The first carpet is 32 €, the second € 18.
At this time the pot is 67 € (17 +32 +18).
How much pot odds for you?
To calculate your potential earnings , you must take into account the fact that your carpet is lower than any of your opponents. You can not take it that the amount of your carpet. Or 22 € not 32 €.
potential gain thus amounts to € 57 (17 +22 +18)
Pot odds is therefore 57:22, or 2.6: 1.
Following is profitable because the odds pot is higher than the rating of the draw. 2.6: 1> 2: 1.
The concept of long term
If you went in the game and lose, it’s not important. This is however, is that you’ve made the right decision. In fact you will win in the long term. This is the kind of hands it is important to analyze when you review session .
III – THE IMPLIED ODDS
A – CONCEPT
Implied odds or implied odds , take into account not only the money that is already on the mat, but he will probably be added by the end of the pot. Pot odds is calculated based on the amount of the pot at a time. Implied rating takes into consideration the fact that the hand continues on other betting rounds, which means that your or your opponents are willing to invest a sum of money greater than the initial investment. Pot odds do not take into account these potential gains.
Implied odds is thus useful for deciding if you should call a bet once you have calculated the pot odds. Poker is based on implied odds game: updates are not capped and they increase with each round of betting.
B – HOW TO SOLVE?
If there must be a formula for this would be:
Implied pot odds = (money in the pot + updates adverse forthcoming): the last pay
As Napoleon would say: this is where things get tough. can only estimate put the visitors ahead . Their evaluation depends on your ability to extrapolate the behavior of your opponent on the next betting rounds. So this is sort of a hunch. Intuition based on criteria of reliable game, but intuition still in the end.
C – CRITERIA DECISION
Various factors exist to refine your assumptions and make your decision. Each improves the implied odds.
- The chips in play
More the number of opponents in the game, the greater the implied odds increase. Also pay attention to the size of the carpet. Obviously a small carpet, once a certain percentage of money invested will be option than going all-in. It may in this case push deep players to do the same to isolate, for example.
It will be even easier to extract money from an opponent before he speaks you . So you can more easily see its profile and range of his hand.
- Texture board
Your implied odds will be even bigger than your hand is hidden . If the community cards have a random completed there is little chance that you will be able to take money to your opponent. The latter will tend to control the size of the pot to avoid losing too much money.
- The visibility of your hand
If your hand is easily identifiable, your opponent will be tempted to model his game according to his reading. To do this suited connectors are perfect.
- Player profiles
Whether your opponent has a hand made, or is on a draw foldera it for anything. Is it aggressive preflop then very careful if the board shows potentially dangerous? Instead, he is ready to carpet once the flop revealed to protect his pair?
Over your opponent shows strength, your hand is less easy to identify. Over the opponent has trouble sleeping one hand, the higher your implied odds are high.
For more information on the different types of players read Chapter 11 – Select your opponents
D – ILLUSTRATION
The typical example to illustrate this concept is the set value .
In order to keep a smooth and understandable reasoning we will not go into the details of stimulus sizes and respective carpet. You have identified a player who only preflop raise with very strong hands. You put it on at least a pair of jacks. It is definitely to your pair of fives served.
This is followed by two other players who do not easily drop their hands. Based on your pot odds, you should fold your hand. To hit your set on the flop and thus potentially win once, your odds of 7.5:1.
However if you think that the initial raiser is ready to stake his stack, and one of the players will not fold his hand on the flop, you need to follow if the preflop raise is not too high.
Set value and mathematical
You will receive a set on the flop 11.76% of the time. You will win the pot about 85% of the time. This means that you flopperez a set and win the pot 10% of the time.
E – CONCLUSION: DO NOT overestimate YOUR SIDE IMPLIED
Who has never heard about a casino table the famous “I have the odds! “ the fish lambda to justify fetch his fatal draw 2 outs on the turn? Without falling into these extremes, it is not uncommon that many poker players highlight alleged knowledge of odds to justify a call. You now have more right to this (very) bad excuse. Now all your decisions are the result of rational reasoning.